"The style is natural and the standard is not fake". As a scale and criterion, standards are of great significance to the healthy development of the industry. The past practice has proved that the earlier, the more practical and the more precise the standards are, the more obvious the effect of scientific innovation will be, the more extensive the influence will be, and the more profound the significance will be. At present, the Chinese government is fully deploying "made in China 2025", accelerating the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry under the dream of a strong manufacturing country, and the construction of standard system will become the content that must be paid attention to for a long time in the future. Because, the one who gets the standard gets the world, who controls the standard, who becomes the standard maker, who can have the dominant power and discourse power in the competition.
Short board - big but not strong
During the 13th five year plan (2016-2020), the equipment manufacturing industry is the top priority for China to build a manufacturing power. When "made in China 2025" is determined to implement the "high end equipment innovation project", it is also proposed that by 2020, large aircraft, aero-engine and gas turbine, civil aerospace, intelligent green train, energy saving and new energy vehicles, marine engineering equipment and high-tech ships, complete equipment of intelligent electric network, high-end CNC machine tools, nuclear power equipment, high-end medical equipment and other fields will be autonomous Development and application.
In addition to the policy emphasis, the performance of China's equipment manufacturing in recent years is remarkable. At present, most of China's equipment production ranks in the world, and at the same time, it has also stepped into a new level of autonomy. Major breakthroughs have been made in manned spaceflight and lunar exploration project and Jiaolong manned submersible. The layout of large transport aircraft and large airliner has been completed, and important progress has been made in research and development. Significant progress has been made in the development of emerging industries, and remarkable achievements have been made in the development of intelligent manufacturing equipment, marine engineering equipment, advanced rail transit equipment, new energy vehicles and other emerging industries. According to 2015 data, the output value of China's high-end equipment manufacturing industry accounts for more than 10% of the equipment manufacturing industry.
Spanning (picture from Baidu picture)
Even so, China's equipment manufacturing still bears the hat of "big but not strong", with weak independent innovation ability, backward basic manufacturing level, low-level repeated construction, and difficulties in promoting and applying independent innovative products. It is mainly reflected in four aspects:
1、 The ability of design and manufacturing technology is not strong. The main performance is the import dependence and export structure problems caused by the weak innovation ability, and the increase of industrial security risks. The root of these problems lies in the weak ability of independent innovation, which seriously restricts the sustainable development of equipment manufacturing industry and the improvement of international competitiveness.
2、 The product structure is unreasonable. The production capacity of major technical equipment and high-tech products is in serious shortage, resulting in a large number of foreign mechanical and electrical products entering the domestic market.
3、 Industry overcapacity is prominent. The local government pursues the development speed unilaterally and turns the investment focus to the equipment manufacturing industry one after another, which leads to the overheated investment in some emerging industries, the hidden advantages of overcapacity and the increased risk of excessive competition.
4、 High end equipment can't meet the demand. The low-end simple machinery has excess capacity, and the high-end equipment manufacturing lacks. In new materials, information, new energy vehicles and other emerging industries, there is an urgent need for the support and support of new equipment.
A large part of these problems is due to the lack of industry standards. Take robots as an example. At the early stage of the development of the robot industry, the absence of industry standards led to the chaos and barbaric growth of the Jianghu. At present, the industry standard of China's robot industry still follows the machinery industry standard formulated in 1996. In terms of calibration, there is no unified testing organization dedicated to robot calibration and measurement in China.
What can we do beyond the standardization gate?
As Kaiwen said, standardization has become a key point for equipment manufacturing, otherwise it will always hinder the development of the industry. So, what can we do to cross this threshold?
National - when standardization is in progress
Standardization is the work content that the country has been promoting. From January to March 2015, the Ministry of industry and information technology carried out the research on the conditions of pilot demonstration elements, prepared and issued the conditions of pilot demonstration elements of intelligent manufacturing, established the working group of integrated standardization of intelligent manufacturing, formulated the framework of integrated standardization system of intelligent manufacturing, launched the revision of basic and general standards in key fields, and planned to release the construction of integrated standardization system of intelligent manufacturing by the end of December Guide.
At the same time, the National Standardization Management Committee and the Ministry of industry and information technology jointly carried out the pilot work of international high-end equipment manufacturing industry standardization, and issued the notice on organizing and carrying out the pilot work of national high-end equipment manufacturing industry standardization, which requires the pilot work of standardization based on the existing national standardization work and relying on the national new industrialization industry demonstration base in the field of equipment manufacturing Through strengthening the implementation of high-end equipment manufacturing industry standards, accelerating the development of technical standards, improving the technical standard system, accelerating the application and industrialization of innovation results, and promoting the equipment manufacturing industry to become stronger.
Place - create a superior environment
It is very important to form a cohesive force from the central government to the local government to promote the standardization construction. Taking manufacturing industry pioneer Guangdong as an example, Guangdong government has always attached great importance to the planning and implementation of strategic emerging industry standard system. Among the 453 local standard pre projects proposed in the planning and roadmap of high-end new electronic information, LED lighting and electric vehicle, the provincial finance directly allocated 42 million yuan to this work.
In September this year, Guangdong Provincial Bureau of quality supervision and Guangdong Provincial Economic and Information Technology Commission jointly issued "Guangzhou